• Biljana Petrevska Faculty of Tourism and Business Logistics, Goce Delcev University - Štip
  • Risto Popovski Faculty of Natural Sciences, Goce Delcev University - Štip
Keywords: natural frequency, tourism, positive effects


The Schumann resonance is a global level important discovery that Earth produces natural electromagnetic waves in the extremely low frequency of 7.83[Hz]. It spreads a signal that positively or negatively affects all living beings, including humans in their natural environment. The research discusses some impacts that this resonance may have over tourists and visitors that visit or prospectively intend to visit different tourist destinations in Macedonia. Moreover, the paper puts a focus on some locations with tourism motives (like churches, monasteries, spas, mines, geo-tourist locations, etc.) that already have tourist activity, or those with potential to have one. From a scientific point of view, the paper offers the possibility to perceive some effects of the Schumann resonance on tourists and visitors from different approaches: psychological, neurological, physiological, etc. From a practical point of view, the findings may assist in identifying new strategic dimensions for promoting new aspects of tourist product in Macedonia.


Download data is not yet available.


Babayev, S. E., Allahverdiyeva, A. A. (2005). Geomagnetic Storms and their Influence on the Human Brain Functional State. Revista CENIC Ciencias Biológicas, Vol. 36, 1-7.

Balser, M., Wagner, C. A. (1960). Observations of Earth-ionosphere cavity resonances. Nature, Vol. 188, No. 4751, 638.

Ben-Dahlia, S., Collins-Kreiner N., Churchman A. (2013). Evaluation of an Urban Tourism Destination. Tourism Geographies, Vol. 15, No. 2, 233-249.

Brizhik, L., Del Giudice, E., Jorgensen, S.E., Marchettini, N., Tiezzi, E. (2009). The role of electromagnetic potentials in the evolutionary dynamics of ecosystems. Ecological Modelling, Vol. 220, 1865-1869.

Edwards, S. D. (2015). The global coherence initiative: Opportunities for scientific research and health promotion. African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance, https://www.researchgat /publication/286869493, (13 December 2018).

Google images. Images on Kežovica Spa, articles/216871/banja-kezhovica-prv-spacentar-vo-makedonija, and http:// (20 February 2019).

Gorgieva, M., Popovski, K. (2001). Thermal spas in Macedonia. In: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Balneology and Water Tourist Centres International Geothermal Days "Germany 2001”, 21-22 September, Bad Urach, Germany, 37-48.

Government of the Republic of Macedonia. (2016). National Strategy on Tourism Development 2016-2021, Skopje.

Gubbins, D., Herrero-Bervera, E. (2007). Encyclopedia of Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism, Springer, Netherlands.

HeartMath Institute, (2019). Effects of Geomagnetic, Solar and Other Factors on Humans,, (1 February 2019).

Human frequency blog (b). Reiki Frequencies and Schumann Resonances, (20 February 2019).

Law, M. C. (1996). Tourism in Major Cities. London: International Thomson Business Press.

Lynch, J. J. (2014). Hidden therapeutic dialogue: Decoding the language of the human heart. Neuropsychotherapist, July, 49-70.

Mitsutake, G., Otsuka, K., Hayakawa, M., Sekiguchi, M., Cornélissen, G., Halberg, F. (2005). Does Schumann resonance affect our blood pressure?, Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Vol. 59, S10-S14.

McCraty, R. (2003). The energetic heart. Bioelectric interactions within and between people. HeartMath Research Centre, Boulder Creek, CA: Institute of HeartMath.

McCraty, R., Deyhle, A. & Childre, D. L. (2012). The Global Coherence Initiative: creating a coherent planetary standing wave. Global Advances in Health and Medicine, Vol. 1, No. 1, 64-77.

McCraty, R., Deyhle, A. (2015). The Global Coherence Initiative: Investigating the dynamic relationship between people and the earth’s energetic systems. In: P. J. Rosch (Ed.), Bio-electromagnetic and Subtle Energy Medicine, 2nd Edition, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 411-425.

Muno, W. (2009). Fallstudien und die vergleichende Methode. In: Pickel, S., Pickel, G., Lauth, H.-J., Jahn D. (Eds), Methoden der vergleichenden Politik- und Sozialwissenschaft, Wiesbaden, 113-131.

Nickolaenko, A. P., Besser, B. P., Schwingenschuh, K. (2003). Model computations of Schumann resonance on Titan. Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 51, No. 13, 853-862.

Nickolaenko, A. P. (1997). Modern aspects of Schumann resonance studies. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 59, No. 7, 805-816.

Nickolaenko, A. P., Hayakawa, M. (2002). Resonances in the Earth-Ionosphere Cavity, Kluwer Acad., Norwell, Mass.

Nickolaenko, A. P., Rabinowicz, L. M. (1982). On the possibility of existence of global electromagnetic resonances on the planets of solar system1. Earth, Vol. 6, No. 10.6, 18-3.

Panov, Z., Karanakova Stefanovska, R., Minov, K., Blagica D., Popovski R. (2016). Rehabilitation of the landslide – monitoring, measures and procedures for fast rehabilitation, Proceedings of the Scientific and Technical Union of Mining, Geology and Metallurgy from the VII International Geomechanics Conference, 27 June-01 July 2016, Varna, Bulgaria.

Persinger, A. M., Saroka, S. K. (2015). Human Quantitative Electroencephalographic and Schumann Resonance Exhibit Real-Time Coherence of Spectral Power Densities: Implications for Interactive Information Processing, Journal of Signal and Information Processing, Vol. 6, 153-164.

Petrevska, B., Collins-Kreiner, N. (2017). Double Life Cycle: Determining Tourism Development in Macedonia. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, Vol. 15, No. 4, 319-338.

Petrevska, B., Krakover, S., Collins-Kreiner, N. (2018). Preserving the Cultural Assets of Others: Jewish Heritage Sites in Macedonian Cities. Tourism Geographies, Vol. 20, No. 3, 549-572.

Popovska-Vasilevska, S., Armenski, S. (2016). Geothermal potential of Macedonia and its utilization. In: Papic, P. (Ed.), Mineral and thermal waters of Southeastern Europe, Springer, 131-146.

Popovski, R., Pekevski, L., Panov, Z. Doneva, B., Karanakova Stefanovska, R. (2017). Monitoring of seismic activity of the earth dam Topolnica mine Bucim, Republic of Macedonia, Proceedings from the 7th Balkan Mining Congress "Balkan Mining for the Friendship and Progress”, 11-13 October 2017, Prijedor, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Planet Earth. Images on Earth magnetic field, (20 February 2019).

Price, C. (2000). Evidence for a link between global lightning activity and upper tropospheric water vapor. Nature, Vol. 406, No. 6793, 290.

Rosch, P. J. (2014). Why the heart is more than a pump. Neuropsychotherapist, July, 1-13.

Sartori, G. (1994). Compare Why and How. Comparing, Miscomparing and the Comparative Method. In: Dogan, Mattei/Kazancigil, Ali (Hrsg.): 14-34.

Selby, M. (2004). Consuming the city: conceptualizing and researching urban tourist knowledge. Tourism Geographies, Vol. 6, No. 2, 186-207.

Schumann, W. O. (1952). On the radiation-free self-oscillations of a conducting sphere which is surrounded by an air layer and an ionospheric shell (in German), Z. Naturfirsch. A, 7, 149.

Ward, P. J., Henshaw, L. D. (2016). Geomagnetic Fields, their Fluctuations and Health Effects, unpublished, https://www. /242259262.

Williams, E. R. (1992). The Schumann resonance: A global tropical thermometer. Science, Vol. 256, No. 5060, 1184-1187.

Yin, R. K. (1984). Case study research: Design and methods (1st ed.). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

How to Cite
Petrevska, B., & Popovski, R. (2019). SCHUMANN RESONANCE: NEW ASPECTS FOR TOURISM DEVELOPMENT. TISC - Tourism International Scientific Conference Vrnjačka Banja, 4(2), 705-722. Retrieved from