THE IMPACTS OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON THE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT

  • Nataša Đorđević University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Hotel Management and Tourism in Vrnjačka Banja
  • Snežana Milićević University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Hotel Management and Tourism in Vrnjačka Banja
Keywords: COVID-19, pandemic, international tourism, Serbia, tourism development

Abstract

The COVID -19 pandemic made 2020 a devastating year for the tourism industry. To stop the spreading of the virus the restrictive measures such as lockdowns, have affected many economies, from which tourism suffers directly and greatly. The purpose of this study is to analyze the state of tourism at the international level and tourism in the Republic of Serbia during the pandemic, by examining the tourist arrivals and overnight stays in 2020. At the international level, the loss in tourism arrivals and receipts experience even the leading regions in tourism. Also in Serbia, there is a noticeable decrease in foreign tourist arrivals and overall tourist arrivals in 2020.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Becken, S., Hughey, K, F. D. (2013). Linking tourism into emergency management structures to enhance disaster risk reduction. Tourism Management, Vol. 36, 77–85.

Breda, Z., Costa, C. (2006). Safety and Security Issues Affecting Inbound Tourism in the People’s Republic of China. In Y. Mansfeld & A. Pizam (Eds.), Tourism, Security, and Safety From Theory to Practice (pp. 187-208). Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, Burlington, MA.

Brinkley, I. (2008). How Knowledge is Reshaping the Economic Life of Nations; Economy Interim Report, The Work Foundation, London.

Campiranon, K., Scott, N. (2014). Critical success factors for crisis recovery management: A case study of Phuket hotels. Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing, Vol. 31, No. 3, 313–326.

Cavlek, N. (2002). Tour Operators and Destination Safety. Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 29, No. 2, 478-96.

Cvijanović, D., Pantović, D., Đorđević N. (2021). Transformation from urban to rural tourism during the COVID-19 pandemic: The case of Serbia. International scientific conference Sustainable agriculture and rural development, Belgrade, Serbia, 123-132.

Dombey, O. (2004). The effects of SARS on the Chinese tourism industry. Journal of Vacation Marketing, Vol. 10, No. 1, 4-10.

Farzanegan, M. R., Gholipour, H. F., Feizi, M., Nunkoo, R., Andargoli, A. E. (2020). International tourismand outbreak of coronavirus (COVID- 19): A cross-country analysis. Journal of Travel Research, Vol. 60, No. 3, 687-692.

Faulkner, B. (2001). Towards a framework for tourism disaster management. Tourism Management, Vol. 22, No. 2, 135-147.

Fotiadis, A., Polyzos, S., Huan, T. C. T. (2021). The good, the bad and the ugly on COVID-19 tourism recovery. Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 87, No. 103117.

Glaesser, D. (2006). Crisis management in the tourism industry. Routledge, United Kingdom.

Global Rescue, World Travel & Tourism Council, (2019). Crisis Readiness, https://www.globalrescue.com/grmkt_resources/pdfs/CrisisReadiness-Final.pdf, (12 March 2021).

Gössling, S., Scott, D., Hall, M. (2021). Pandemics, tourism and global change: a rapid assessment of COVID-19. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, Vol. 29, No. 1, 1-20.

Henderson, J. C. (2007). Tourism crises: causes, consequences and management, Butterworth Heinemann, Oxford.

Hung, K. K., Mark, C. K., Yeung, M. P., Chan, E. Y., Graham, C. A. (2018). The role of the hotel industry in the response to emerging epidemics: a case study of SARS in 2003 and H1N1 swine flu in 2009 in Hong Kong. Globalization and health, Vol. 14, No.1, 1-7.

Hystad, P.W. Keller, P.C. (2008). Towards a Destination Tourism Disaster Management Framework: Long-Term Lessons from a Forest Fire Disaster. Tourism Management, Vol. 29, No. 1, 151-162.

Jamal, T., Budke, C. (2020). Tourism in a world with pandemics: localglobal responsibility and action. Journal of Tourism Futures, Vol. 6, No. 2, 181-188.

MacKellar, L. (2007). Pandemic influenza: A review. Population and Development Review, Vol. 33, No. 3, 429-451.

Mansfeld, Y., Pizam, A. (2006). Tourism, Security, and Safety: From Theory to Practice, Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, Burlington, MA.

Milićević, S., Bošković, N., Lakićević, M. (2021a). Sustainable tourism development in mountain areas in Šumadija and Western Serbia. Journal of Mountain Science, Vol. 18, No. 3, 735–748.

Milićević, S., Đorđević, N., Krejić, Ž. (2020b). Research on tourists’ attitudes on the potential of Goč mountain for the development of ecotourism. Economics of Agriculture, Vol. 67, No. 1, 223-238.

Milićević, S., Ervaćanin, V. (2016). Uticaj kriza na razvoj turizma u svetu [Impact of crises on the development of tourism in the world]. Turističko poslovanje, Vol. 18, No. 1, 51-63.

Milićević, S., Petrović, J., Đorđević, N. (2020). ICT as a factor of destination competitiveness: The case of the republics of former Yugoslavia. Management & Marketing. Challenges for the Knowledge Society, Vol. 15, No. 3, 381-392.

Milićević, S., Štetić, S. (2017). Menadžment u turizmu [Tourism Management]. University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Hotel Management and Tourism in Vrnjačka Banja, Vrnjačka Banja.

Ministry of Health of the Republic of Serbia, (2021). https://covid19.rs/, (1 March 2021).

Monterrubio, J. C. (2010). Short-term economic impacts of influenza A (H1N1) and government reaction on the Mexican tourism industry: an analysis of the media. International Journal of Tourism Policy, Vol. 3, No. 1, 1-15.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - OECD, (2021). COVID-19-Crisis-in-Serbia, https://www.oecd.org/south-easteurope/COVID-19-Crisis-in-Serbia.pdf, (12 March 2021).

Paraskevas, A., Altinay, L., McLane, J. Cooper, C. (2013). Crisis Knowledge in Tourism: Types, Flows and Governance. Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 41, No. 2, 130-152.

Paraskevas, A., Arendell, B. (2007). A Strategic Framework for Terrorism Prevention and Mitigation in Tourism Destinations. Tourism Management, Vol. 28, No. 6, 1560-1573.

Pelfrey, W. V. (2005). The cycle of preparedness: Establishing a framework to prepare for terrorist threats. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1–21.

Perić, G., Dramićanin, S., Conić, M. (2021). The impact of Serbian tourists' risk perception on their travel intentions during the COVID-19 pandemic. European Journal of Tourism Research, Vol. 27, 2705-2705.

Podovac, M., Đorđević, N., Milićević, S. (2019). Rural Tourism in the Function of Life Quality Improvement of Rural Population on Goč Mountain. Economics of Agriculture, Vol. 66, No. 1, 205-220.

Qiu, R. T., Park, J., Li, S., Song, H. (2020). Social costs of tourism during the COVID-19 pandemic. Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 84, 102994.

Ritchie, B. W. (2004). Chaos, Crises and Disasters: A Strategic Approach to Crisis Management in the Tourism Industry. Tourism Management, Vol. 25, No. 6, 669-683.

Ritchie, B. W., Crotts, J. C., Zehrer, A., Volsky, G. T. (2013). Understanding the Effects of a Tourism Crisis. Journal of Travel Research, Vol. 53, No. 1, 12–25.

Rokvić-Knežić, G., Kalabić, M., Vaško, Ž. (2020). Valorization of territorial capital in function of rural tourism development – A case study of Kneževo municipality. Hotel and Tourism Management, Vol. 8, No. 2, 35-42.

Scott N., Laws, E., Prideaux, B., (2008). Tourism Crises and Marketing Recovery Strategies. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, Vol. 23, No. 2-4, 1-13.

Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, (2020a). Municipalities and regions 2020, https://publikacije.stat.gov.rs/G2020/Pdf/G202013047.pdf, (12 March 2021).

Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, (2020b). Tourists turnover, December 2020, https://publikacije.stat.gov.rs/G2021/Pdf/G20211046.pdf, (12 March 2021).

Stergiou, D. P., Farmaki, A. (2020). Ability and willingness to work during COVID-19 pandemic: Perspectives of front-line hotel employees. International Journal of Hospitality Management, Vol. 93, 102770.

Strielkowski, W. (2021). International tourism and COVID-19: postpandemic recovery strategies, https://zenodo.org/record/4573152#.YHydrlUza1s, (12 March 2021).

Vujović, S., Cvijanović, D., Štetić, S. (2012). Destinacijski concept razvoja turizma [Destination concept of tourism development]. Institute of Agricultural Economics, Belgrade.

World Health Organization – WHO, (2021a). Coronavirus, https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus#tab=tab_1, (1 March 2021).

World Health Organization – WHO (2021b). Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard, https://covid19.who.int/, (1 March 2021).

World Tourism Organization – UNWTO (2021b). International Tourism and COVID-19, https://www.unwto.org/international-tourismand-covid-19, (8 March 2021).

World Tourism Organization – UNWTO (2021a). UNWTO World Tourism Barometer and Statistical Annex, January 2021, https://www.eunwto.org/doi/epdf/10.18111/wtobarometereng.2021.19.1.1, (8 March 2021).

World Travel & Tourism Council – WTTC (2021). EU recovery scenaris, https://wttc.org/Portals/0/Documents/Reports/2020/EU%20Recovery%20Scenarios%20Nov%202020.pdf?ver=2021-02-25-183016-500 (12 March 2021).

Published
2021-06-03
How to Cite
Đorđević, N., & Milićević, S. (2021). THE IMPACTS OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON THE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT. Tourism International Scientific Conference Vrnjačka Banja - TISC, 6(1), 399-414. https://doi.org/10.52370/TISC21399ND

Most read articles by the same author(s)